Loxodonta Africana

The African elephant (Loxodonta) is a genus comprising two living elephant species, the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the smaller African forest elephant (L. cyclotis). Loxodonta is one of two existing genera of the family Elephantidae. The name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of their molar teeth. Fossil remains of Loxodonta species have been excavated in Africa, dating to the middle Pliocene Epoch in